Currently, hair transplantation is carried out using two methods; the first, artificial hair is transplanted, and the second, the patient’s own hair is used for transplantation.
Transplantation of artificial hair, as a rule, causes more complications than transplantation, in which hair is transplanted from one part of the head to the other.
After transplantation of artificial hair, with sufficient simplicity of the method and its relatively low cost, a number of patients experience such an unpleasant phenomenon as itching of the skin on the head, the appearance of ulcers in the transplant sites, and the loss of artificial hair. To eliminate these complications, a re-operation of hair transplantation may be required. Currently, most patients suffering from alopecia most often resort to a newer and safer method of transplantation. However, it should be noted that this method differs and a significant higher cost.
Puffiness and bleeding
In the early postoperative period, many patients who undergone transplantation have swelling in the face, a slight numbness in the scalp, and also minor spotting in the hair transplant sites. These complications are temporary, disappear in the first week after the operation and do not require additional medical care. In case of severe bleeding, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
After the operation, it is possible to form gray and bruise. Seroma is a cluster of serous fluid under the skin and, as a rule, does not cause pain in the patient. Treatment of seromy is to remove serous fluid and then apply a pressure bandage, which is usually recommended to wear for two to three days.
Significant hematomas are also eliminated with a pressure bandage, in some cases, an opening of the hematoma can be performed. After opening, the injured vessel is bandaged and a vascular suture is applied.
Divergence of the edges of the wound
This complication can occur in the early postoperative period (within the first two weeks from the date of the operation) due to excessive stretching of tissues in the operated area. Also the divergence of the edges of the wound may result from a liver or kidney failure of the patient. In a situation where all layers of the surgical wound diverge, repeated surgical intervention may be required.
Edge necrosis of grafts
Marginal necrosis of the flaps is a rather rare postoperative complication, which can occur as a result of the error of medical personnel during the operation. In cases where the color of any patch of skin flap changes during the operation, it is excised, a similar preventive measure can successfully prevent the development of necrosis.
In some cases of hair transplantation, infection may occur surgical wound at the site from which the skin flap is cut for hair transplantation. In the presence of this complication, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs are usually prescribed, which allow to quickly and effectively remove it. In the case when infection affects the sites of hair implantation, not all of their volume can take root. Currently, such complications are quite successfully prevented, and the main role in this, of course, is played by the high qualification of medical personnel performing hair transplantation, as well as the high degree of thoroughness in the operation during the operation.